Docetaxel Re-challenge in Patients with Metastatic Prostate Cancer: A Comprehensive Review

Tarek Assi 1 2Elie Rassy 3Fadi Farhat 3 4Clarisse Kattan 3Joseph Kattan 3


1Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Saint Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon,

2Oncology Department, Hammoud Hospital UMC, Saida, Lebanon,

3Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Saint Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon.

4Oncology Department, Hammoud Hospital UMC, Saida, Lebanon.

PMID: 32380503

DOI: 10.1159/000506693


Background: Recent years have witnessed a huge shift in the management and prognosis of metastatic prostate cancer with the advent of new-generation anti-hormonal treatments. Docetaxel, which was initially approved in the castrate-resistant prostate cancer setting, has been approved in the earlier course of the disease as it is still castrate sensitive.

Summary: Apart from cabazitaxel and in the absence of other effective chemotherapies, docetaxel rechallenge (DR) in patients with proved sensitivity to docetaxel in the earlier stage of the disease remains a possible option. Unfortunately, the pivotal trials rarely reported on the outcomes of docetaxel retreatment which seems a plausible option in patients initially responding to docetaxel and maintaining a minimum progression-free interval of 3-6 months. In this review, a summary of the clinical evidence and potential concerns for the use of DR in patients with metastatic prostate cancer will be presented. Key Messages: Pivotal trials of docetaxel in metastatic castrate-sensitive prostate cancer as well as metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer have not reported on the outcomes of DR except in the GETUG-AFU 15 trial where the outcomes were disappointing. Based on the published retrospective data, DR may be effective in patients who initially responded to docetaxel and maintained a progression-free interval exceeding 6 months.

Keywords: Castrate resistant; Castrate sensitive; Docetaxel; Prostate cancer; Rechallenge.