[Article in French]
1Service de Chirurgie digestive carcinologique, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif.
The resection of the metastases from digestive malignant lesions are always the most efficient treatment, if it is complete. However it must be performed without major operative risk. According to this point of view, it is logical to examine the feasibility of three successive hepatectomies for metastases. We report in this study our experience with five cases of triple hepatectomies performed for 4 colic cancers and 1 carcinoid cancer. Two major hepatectomies were performed during this third resection. The re-exposure of the liver was very difficult in 4 cases, and the texture of the liver parenchyma was flabby and abnormal in 5 cases (confirmed with the histologic study). The mean duration of the surgery was 307 minutes, the mean duration of the intermittent pedicle clamping was 59 minutes, and the mean blood loss was 1710 ml. No post-operative death occurred, and the morbidity was low. This 5 third hepatectomies have been compared, for the feasibility, to the 41 second hepatectomies and to the 234 first hepatectomies which we have performed. In proportion as hepatectomies are carried out, the difficulties to expose the liver increase, the texture of the liver parenchyma gets spoiled and the duration of the operation increases. In conclusion, the third hepatectomies are technically difficult to perform, but they are feasible. However, it is too early to be able to define their indications.