A general review of the role of irinotecan (CPT11) in the treatment of gastric cancer

Fadi Sami Farhat 1

Affiliation

1Division of Hematology-Oncology, Hammoud Hospital University Medical Center, Ghassan Hammoud Street, Sidon, 652, Lebanon. drfadi@terra.net.lb

PMID: 17848736

DOI: 10.1007/BF02698032

Abstract

Background: The prognosis of gastric tumor is generally poor because most tumors are diagnosed at an advanced stage. Chemotherapy has a proven palliative role in advanced gastric cancer and several combination regimens were explored in the last 10 yr. Nevertheless, none of them showed a convincing improvement resulting in an enhancement of response rate and overall survival without discrimination of the quality of life. Irinotecan (CPT11) has been evaluated in multiple trials alone or in combined therapy with promising results and good tolerance. Thus, a review of the importance and impact of CPT11 in this indication is detailed.

Methods: This article reviews the evidence for the use of CPT11 in the treatment of gastric cancer based on a computerized MEDLINE search of literature published until August 2006 leading to a total of 91 publications.

Results: CPT11 was frequently used and showed a good response rate varying from 14% to 23% as single agent and 45% to 70% in combination with a median time to progression of 3 mo in single agent and 4-6 mo in combination, and median overall survival of approx 7 mo in single agent and up to 10.58 mo in combination.

Conclusion: The overall response of irinotecan-based chemotherapy in advanced gastric cancer was shown to be as effective as other combined chemotherapy. The hematological and digestive toxicity were tolerable and mild, especially in weekly regimen. Thus, irinotecan-based chemotherapy should be considered as one of the preferred choices in front line chemotherapy in advanced gastric cancer.