Desmoplastic small round cell tumors: results of a four-drug chemotherapy regimen in five adult patients

F Farhat 1S CulineC LhomméP DuvillardP SouliéG MichelM J Terrier-LacombeC ThéodoreM SchreinerovaJ P Droz

Affiliation

1Department of Medicine, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France.

PMID: 8608516

 DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0142(19960401)77:7<1363::AID-CNCR21>3.0.CO;2-Z

Abstract

Background: Desmoplastic small round-cell tumor has been identified as a neoplasm with multidirectional immunohistochemical, and molecular features of this tumor sets it apart as a pathologic entity. The optimal treatment remains to be determined.

Methods: Five adult patients were treated according to a uniform first-line chemotherapy program including cisplatin, etoposide, cyclophosphamide, and either doxorubicin or epirubicin. Chemotherapy was delivered after initial surgery in the four patients with intra-abdominal presentation, and at relapse in the fifth patient who had a paratesticular primary tumor.

Results: All 4 patients with intra-abdominal disease experienced stability lasting from 4 to 9 months. Only one objective persistent complete response was observed; this was in the patient with a paratesticular primary. No salvage treatment was active in the other four patients who died of progressive disease.

Conclusions: Our experience to a certain degree of chemosensitivity for desmoplastic small round-cell tumors. Despite aggressive treatments, survival rates remain disappointing. Other therapeutic modalities are needed to improve these results.